Term Aaptopdesh is generally confined only with the individual or personality. Aapta is not merely an individual but also it includes written documents like vedas, samhitas, different manuscripts etc. Now a day various research Journals, different scientific websites can be taken or considered as Aapta.
Before any research or proposed study, we follow the step i.e. review of literature which can be correlated with aaptopadesh. It helps to avoid repetition of work or research. Also it helps to get fundamental understanding about any research problem and on the basis of previous research work done, one can plan further or next study as further scope of research.
As we know that, Aapta vachana is universal truth. The Siddhant which is put forth or put forward by examining the fact thoroughly, which forms fundamental store for any research work.
In short aapta means yatharth vakta i.e. precise speaker and the things which are said by these aaptas are considered as Aaptopadesh. The upadesha given by aapta is considered as pramana. So let us know the qualities of aapta or to whom we can call as aapta:-
- Those who were free from raja and tama (manas doshas).
- They have knowledge of all three kalas i.e. past, future and present.
- They have un-doubtful knowledge etc.
As aacharya said that the aapta is merely not only an individual but it also can be vedas, samhitas etc. so on that context we can say that the researches which are proven also considered as aapta for new researcher.
A researcher who want to research on one topic, get idea about that topic with the help of previous researches. Hence the work which was previously proved scientifically will become aapta for that new research or study.
Researcher should acquire the existing knowledge and training in physical and mental skills which is necessary to do the activities implied in research. The existing knowledge of science can be acquired through the Aaptopadesh.
As our ancient aacharyas said that the information which was written or told in our samhitas is approved by the ancient scriptures. And since their benefits are perceptible, these should be administered as it is without any discussion.
Some says that the ayurvedic medicines don’t have any evidence base. But as we know that ayurveda science is available since ancient times, so it has been based on evidences.
The various formulations which are given in our text are still usetul and effective. These formulations with their matra or pramana are the evidences of research of that time.
In some cases, things which are mentioned in our samhitas have no clear idea about them. For example the concept of kloma. In ayurvedic texts the concept of kloma is still not get cleared. So to understand some of these facts or concepts, we have to do research to reveal them with the help of this aaptopadesh. Aaptopadesh is helpful in Roga pariksha and Chikitsa. Before arriving at a conclusion with regard to the diagnosis or treatment of a disease, it is essential to contemplate on the teachings of the seers. For an Ayurvedic physician today, it would mean considering the information available in the major treatises of Ayurveda such as Charaka Samhita and Sushruta samhita to augment diagnosis, and to implement proper treatment measures.
Thus, Aaptopadesh is considered as the reliable source of existing knowledge, which suggest new ideas for research and also it helps in the development of research methodology.
IMPORTANCE OF APTOPADESHA PRAMANA
- In roga pariksha.
- It becomes a base for Pratyaksha and Anumana Pramana.
- Nidana, roopa and chikitsa of any disease is known by Aaptopadesha.
- Without the knowledge of Aaptopadesha – pariksha or chikitsa is impossible.
Helpful as research methodology notes..